In 2014, we were introduced to the American Guinea Hog when we went to an organic apple orchard and the owner was raising these beautiful small black hogs. We were especially impressed by their friendly temperament, ability to grow and thrive on very little grain and their smaller, easier-to-handle size.
In October, 2014, we purchased our first American Guinea Hog for the farm. His name was Findley and he was just two months old at the time. He was so small, he fit in a small dog crate in the back of the car. We set him up with a nice insulated doghouse set inside a port-a-hut in one of our vegetable gardens for the winter months. He was so personable and talkative that he became known as the official farm greeter, talking with everyone who came to the farm to buy meat and eggs throughout the winter months. In April, 2015, we acquired an American Guinea Hog gilt that was born in July of 2014 and named her Fannie Lucy.
Fannie and Findley were kept together in a portable pen that we moved around the pasture twice a day. They ate down the grasses and quickly went to rooting, which turned out to be not such a good thing. At the end of July, Fannie became pregnant at about 1 year of age and in November 2015 she had her first litter of 9 piglets, with 7 surviving. Also in November, we acquired Fannie’s littermate sister that we named Frannie Riley and in December, she became pregnant and gave birth to her first litter in mid-April, 2016. She then had her second litter due in May 2017.
Since then, we decided to not raise the American Guinea Hogs any longer and sold our breeding stock. While they would be great for homesteaders, our customers wanted pork that was leaner and in larger quantities that we could get from the American Guinea Hogs.
The American Guinea Hog is currently listed as “Threatened” on The Livestock Conservancy website (www.livestockconservancy.org) with estimates of less than 1,000 registrations per year in the U.S. and a global population of less than 5,000.
The American Guinea Hog would make the ideal pig for homesteaders. A breeding pair could produce 10 or more piglets per year and with their smaller size, you could butcher 1 per month and have fresh pork year round! We hope you will consider helping to keep this breed alive.
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Findley at 15 months old (American Guinea Hog)
Findley at 2 months old (American Guinea Hog)